By Coach Meredith
We are half way through May and summer is right around the corner! Last week I discussed ways to bring your indoor workouts into the outdoors. As The Bar Athletics is concerned with our overall health and wellness, this week I would like to discuss the prevalence of ticks and how to take precautionary measures while still being able to enjoy the outdoors.
There is a new, and potentially fatal, tick-borne illness called Powassan, that we all should be aware of. Researchers are saying this summer looks like it might be one of the worst on record for an increase in the tick population.
Ticks are most active during the spring, summer, and early fall months. Approximately 75 cases of Powassan disease have been reported in the United States over the past 10 years. According to the CDC, most cases have occurred in the Northeast and Great Lakes region. That’s a big red flag for us Northeast Ohioans!
So what is Powassan?
Powassan is a virus that can be transmitted through a tick bite. Signs and symptoms can include fever, headache, vomiting, weakness, confusion, seizures and memory loss. Long-term neurological damage may also occur.
There's currently no specific treatment or prevention for the disease. People with severe Powassan often need to be hospitalized to receive respiratory support, intravenous fluids or medications to reduce swelling in the brain. Fatality rate is approximately 10% if inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) occurs.
Because of the milder winter in the Northeast, a dramatic increase in the tick population is expected.
Ticks carry a host of several diseases. They carry bacterial diseases such as Lyme, viral illnesses like Powassan and parasitic diseases like babesiosis.
Since the late 1990s, the number of reported cases of Lyme disease in the United States has tripled, and the number of counties in the Northeast and upper Midwest that are considered high-risk for Lyme disease has increased by more than 300 percent. According to the CDC in 2015, about 30,000 cases of Lyme disease were reported in Americans, but the number was likely much higher.
To protect yourself from a tick-borne infection, the CDC recommends:
It is important, we as Northeast Ohioans, take these precautionary measures to ensure we have a safe and enjoyable time outdoors this year!